What are the objectives of land use planning?

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Rudolphe ABEN

What are the objectives of land use planning?

The aim of spatial planning is to ensure respect and general interest by providing the population with a stable standard of living and optimal conditions, and to enhance sustainable development concerning all parts of the national territory.

The Land Use Plans observes and monitors territorial development and ensures that sectoral, communal or inter-communal, national, cross-border and international policies that have an impact on territorial development.

There are 2 categories of Land Use Plans:

  • a master land use plan
  • a sectoral master plan

The master land use plan was developed for the overall transportation concept and geographic development.

And the sectoral master plan, it is more about everything that is legal and land use plans.

Definition Master Plan for Land Use Planning

It defined an integration strategy for sectoral programs that have an impact on territorial development

What are the fields of action of the master plan for land use planning?

The master plan for land use planning adapts an integrated approach to land use planning and develops links with the following fields of action

  • urban and rural development
  • transport and telecommunications
  • environment and natural resources

Definition Development and Attraction Center System

The Development and Attraction Center is a system of urban centers or localities, which are so well-equipped with public or private services that they are able to provide a more or less important supply function, not only for themselves, but also for their hinterland.

The Development and Attraction Center systems are classified in a hierarchical manner according to their importance and performance.

Here is one way in which they are classified:

  • top order (the city of Luxembourg)
  • middle order (Esch/alzette)
  • regional centers (e.g. Mersch, Redange)


A study presented by the government was developed in January 2004, to analyze the impact of sustained economic and demographic growth, as well as for the organization of transport in order to evolve a medium and long term strategy to better combine land use planning, and also for the planning of transport and protection of natural areas.


The sectoral master plans have a direct impact on the territorial organization and land use at the national level, and consequently, the instruments to set up the spatial development of Luxembourg in the medium and long term.

The sectoral master plan is mandatory by the Grand Ducal Regulation that came into force on March 1, 2021, which includes written or graphic requirements that can:

  • Prohibit or limit the possibility of the municipalities to designate or proceed to the extension of urbanized areas or intended to be urbanized.
  • Restrict the choice of municipalities to the land use patterns to be planned.
  • Prohibit the designation or extension of additional areas of a given land use pattern.
  • May require reclassification of areas allocated to an orderly use pattern.
  • Imposes a prohibition or limitation on building, construction or linear facilities.

There are two types of sectoral master plans:

  • Primary sectoral master plans → these plans are drawn up in the areas of transportation, housing, farmers, and areas of economic activity, and concern the major fields of land use planning.
  • Secondary sectoral master plans → these plans have a less direct impact on land use than the primary master plans; they generally concern specific facilities that need to be organized and regulated in a nationally consistent and efficient manner and taking into account the objectives of the (master program)


A sectoral master plan has as objectives to establish rules necessary for the development options, servicing, or the development or neighborhoods that it intends to make a construction.

So more precisely, it is a development plan for a national interest that accesses the cadastral parcels of one or more municipalities, forming a determined area to be developed, giving it a use.

A concrete and detailed land use plan, if necessary, adapted to the level of implementation. It is elaborated in accordance with the options of the master plan for land use planning and on the decisions taken by the Government in council.