What are the right materials to build your frame and roof?
Large amounts of heat can be lost due to improper roof design, and if the roof isn't properly waterproofed, it can disrupt your peace of mind. Given the diversity of roofing and framing options, it's important to educate yourself on the subject so you can make an informed decision about the best solution for your needs, from the quality of your roofing material to the frequency with which you should perform routine maintenance.
Choosing a roof: factors to think about
The frame, no matter how high up it is, is a load-bearing component because it secures the building envelope. Don't rush, as this area will be subject to the weather (snow in the winter, for example).
“Since this area will be constantly exposed to the elements, you shouldn't rush to finish it”.
Consider the possibility of infestation by insects, fungi, and molds if you opt for wood. Many homeowners prefer solid wood due to its durability and fire resistance; however, it must be meticulously installed to prevent accidental damage.
Anticipated frame criteria include fire resistance because, if the frame burns down, the entire building is compromised. In the event of a fire, materials like concrete, tile, and slate prove to be more resilient than metal or industrial glued laminated wood.
Water vapor from sources inside the home (breathing, the bathroom, the dryer, etc.) that should escape to the outside often accumulates, leading to problems like pests and mold. It is recommended to install a vapor barrier film inside to prevent this phenomenon. As a result, the home's insulation is protected from the indoor humidity, and the structure lasts longer.
To truss or not to truss?
The truss frame is made of wooden boards that are prefabricated in a factory before being transported to the construction site and installed. Good insulation can be achieved from the outset thanks to this setup, and additional insulation layers can be added later if desired. Despite the "kit's" widespread appeal due to its apparent usefulness and simplicity of assembly, it precludes the possibility of a future attic conversion.
Someday turning the attic into habitable space requires a traditional frame built from solid wood specifically for the job at hand. This is a more involved and costly build, but it could provide more usable space for living in the future.
“You should go with a conventional, solid-wood frame if you plan on setting up living quarters on the second story”.